The Academy of Finland funded the INFRAHAZARD (Geomorphic sensitivity of the Arctic region: geohazards and infrastructure, 1/2015–12/2018) research consortium (J. Hjort, University of Oulu, and M. Luoto, University of Helsinki). The INFRAHAZARD focuses on the modelling of the Arctic Earth surface systems (ESSs) in a changing climate and production of geographic information system (GIS) -based infrastructure risk maps for decision making and land use planning.
More precisely, the objectives are to: (i) investigate the environmental drivers of Arctic geomorphic processes across scales, (ii) forecast the geomorphic sensitivity of Arctic throughout the 21st Century, and (iii) identify threat spots of Arctic infrastructures in the face of climate warming. The research is based on comprehensive GIS and remote sensing based data at global, regional and local scales, and innovative modelling methodology. The research will provide new knowledge and insights regarding the (i) environmental drivers of Arctic ESSs and (ii) relations between ESSs changes and infrastructure. In addition to scientific publications, the results will be disseminated using existing spatial data infrastructures.
The Greenland Analogue Project (GAP) initiated by the Finnish (Posiva), Swedish (SKB) and Canadian (NWMO) nuclear waste management companies continued sampling and monitoring of the ~600 m deep bedrock drillhole in Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland. Otherwise the project has completed its work and the final reports are due to be published by the early 2016.
The Geological Survey of Finland (K. Korhonen, J. Lehtimäki, H. Vanhala, T. Ruskeeniemi and J. Engström) conducted geophysical studies using wide-band frequency-domain electromagnetic (EM) method in Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland. The study was done to test the applicability of the method for deep permafrost investigations in proglacial crystalline bedrock terrain and under the ice-sheet. Field work was done in 2012 and 2013 and the outcome will be published in 2016.
Geological Survey of Finland (R. Sutinen and P. Hänninen) has continued the temperature monitoring (2007–) of palsas at the Peera site in NW Finland. Moreover, temperature monitoring (J. Hjort, 2008–) of palsas in Kevo area, NE Finland, continued by installation of an automatic weather station in September. For the present, the Kevo site (Vaisjeaggi1) is the only Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P) site in Finland.