D. Trombotto was invited to Mexico City to attend the regional Latin American meeting ‘GEO sobre hielos y nieves’ and to report on the framework of the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP). The meeting was held for the presentation of the book Global Outlook for Ice and Snow. D. Trombotto conributed to this publication with the chapter on Frozen Ground organized and supervised by Vladimir Romanovsky.

Current permafrost related research activities in Austria are carried out by an increasing number of institutions; University of Innsbruck, Vienna University of Technology, two universities in Graz (University of Graz and Graz University of Technology), University of Salzburg, Joanneum Research (Graz), Geological Survey of Austria (GBA, Vienna) and Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG, Vienna and Salzburg).

In summer 2007, a team from Ghent University (Department of Geography, R. Goossens and A.D. Wulf and Department of Archaeology, J. Bourgeois and W. Gheyle), in collaboration with the Gorno-Altaisk State University and S. Marchenko (University of Alaska Fairbanks), conducted research from July 12 to August 12 in the valley of the Karakol River (Ongudai region, Altai Republic, Russian Federation).

A collaborative project led by S. Smith (Geological Survey of Canada, GSC), A. Lewkowicz (University of Ottawa) and C. Burn (Carleton University) was one of 44 science and research projects announced in March 2007 that were selected for funding under the Canadian Government’s IPY program.

Major activities included the permafrost research for the China-Russia Oil Pipeline, continued research and monitoring on the operating Qinghai-Tibet Railway and Highway, the feasibility study on the Qinghai-Tibet Expressway, and the Sino-German expeditions to the Western Kunlun Mountains. Permafrost-related meetings include the Sino-German Symposium on the Qinghai- Tibet Plateau Research, the CliC conference and the Symposium on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

The ZackenbergBasic monitoring programme in Zackenberg, Northeast Greenland, and the Geographical and the Climatic programmes (GeoBasis and ClimateBasis) have continued collecting data of climatic, hydrological and terrestrial variables describing the dynamics of the physical and geomorphological environment in this high Arctic location.

The 8th International Symposium on Cold Region Development ISCORD 2007 took place in September 25-27, 2007 in Tampere, Finland.

Permafrost and periglacial research activities were mainly conducted in several laboratories in France: GEOLAB (UMR 6042, CNRS-Clermont-Ferrand University), THEMA (UMR 6049, CNRS-Franche Comté University), M2C (UMR 6143, Caen University), IDES (UMR 8148, CNRS-Paris-Sud University) and SET (UMR 5603, CNRS-Pau University).

Within the scope of the International Polar Year 2007/2008, an interdisciplinary expedition into the Prydzbay region (East-Antarctica) was carried out by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) for Polar and Marine Research from early February to mid April (Chief Scientist: H.-W. Hubberten).

Cryoturbation is very active in Iceland due to frequent freeze-thaw cycles in the oceanic sub-arctic climate, and most soils and land surfaces show some geomorphic surface features that result from frost activity.