2004

The Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam and the Wageningen University are investigating the carbon and water of taiga and tundra ecosystems in eastern Siberia, and in collaboration with the Institute for Biological Problems Cryolithozone of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Yakutsk.

A meeting of the International Geographical Union (IGU) Commission on Climatic Changes and Periglacial Environments was held on August 19, 2004 during the IGU Congress in Glasgow, Scotland.

The Fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union was held in San Francisco, California, December 13–17. A number of oral and poster sessions on all aspects of the cryosphere were convened under the auspices of the Cryosphere Committee. Included were sessions on the role of permafrost coasts in the Arctic system; changes in frozen ground, environmental and climatic impacts; paleoecological approaches to Late Quaternary climate change; and Arctic freshwater cycles.