The Institute of Geography reports the publication of several maps. Ya. Jambaljav and D. Byambademberel compiled and published the permafrost map of the Ulaanbaatar area (scale 1:100 000), using air photographs, remote sensing and land surface data. This map shows the distribution of mountain permafrost, the presence of permafrost in river valleys and in depressions, and the distribution of seasonally frozen ground.

New Zealand permafrost research in the Antarctic includes the following activities.

In Jotunheimen, southern Norway, temperature data from the Juvvasshøe PACE borehole (established in 1999) were collected (K. Isaksen). On Dovrefjell, southern Norway, data collection continued from 11 boreholes in a transect across the permafrost transition zone. These boreholes were drilled and instrumented in October 2001 (K. Isaksen, R.S. Ødegård, T. Eiken and J.L. Sollid).

Polish research carried out on Spitsbergen (Svalbard) and in the upper parts of the High Tatra Mountains in 2004 focused on permafrost, contemporary morphogenetic processes and periglacial relief, and constitutes a part to the research programmes dedicated to the impact of climate change on the abiotic components of the environment.

Present-day periglacial processes and relict features are currently being studied in the Serra da Estrela, Central Portugal, by researchers from the University of Lisbon.

The year 2004 witnessed important advances in glacial, periglacial and permafrost research in the Romanian Carpathians. The Department of Geography at West University, Timisoara, contributed considerably to this progress.

The International Conference “Cryosphere of Oil-and- Gas-Bearing Provinces” was held in Tyumen, May 23– 27, 2004, in honor of the 60th anniversary of Tyumen district.

The Bulletin of the Royal Spanish Society of Natural History (issue # 99) recently published 16 papers related to permafrost and periglacial research carried out on the Iberian Peninsula.

Over the past 20 years, the Department of Physical Geography, Lund University, acted informally as the Adhering Body to IPA, and was assisted in recent years by the Abisko Research Station (ANS) and the Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The “Permafrost Monitoring Switzerland (PERMOS)” is operated by the eight Swiss university institutes involved in permafrost research and financially supported by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SAS), the Federal Office for Water and Geology (FOWG) and the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL).