The Institute of Geography reports the publication of several maps. Ya. Jambaljav and D. Byambademberel compiled and published the permafrost map of the Ulaanbaatar area (scale 1:100 000), using air photographs, remote sensing and land surface data. This map shows the distribution of mountain permafrost, the presence of permafrost in river valleys and in depressions, and the distribution of seasonally frozen ground.
In Jotunheimen, southern Norway, temperature data from the Juvvasshøe PACE borehole (established in 1999) were collected (K. Isaksen). On Dovrefjell, southern Norway, data collection continued from 11 boreholes in a transect across the permafrost transition zone. These boreholes were drilled and instrumented in October 2001 (K. Isaksen, R.S. Ødegård, T. Eiken and J.L. Sollid).
Polish research carried out on Spitsbergen (Svalbard) and in the upper parts of the High Tatra Mountains in 2004 focused on permafrost, contemporary morphogenetic processes and periglacial relief, and constitutes a part to the research programmes dedicated to the impact of climate change on the abiotic components of the environment.
The “Permafrost Monitoring Switzerland (PERMOS)” is operated by the eight Swiss university institutes involved in permafrost research and financially supported by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SAS), the Federal Office for Water and Geology (FOWG) and the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL).