The book Los fenómenos periglaciales. Identificación, determinación y aplicación by Dario Trombotto and Ana Lía Ahumada is in the process of being published by the Fundación Miguel Lillo. This book synthesizes the current information about periglacial processes on the basis of the research carried out in Argentina and other parts of South America.

Frozen ground research at the University of Ghent (I. Heyse and G. Ghysels) mainly focuses on the study of relict periglacial phenomena. During the Pleistocene, Belgium was situated in the ice-free cold-climatic zone surrounding the Fennoscandinavian Ice Sheet.

One of the noteworthy events in Canada in 2004 was the special session held in honour of Professor Hugh French, as part of the joint Canadian Geomorphology Research Group/Association Québecoise pour l’Etude du Quaternaire meeting.

Permafrost monitoring has been carried out continuously on the Tibetan Plateau since 1988; the year of the establishof the Cryosphere Research Station on the Qinghai- Xizang Plateau. Eleven active-layer monitoring sites, and 18 permafrost-temperature monitoring boreholes along the Qinghai-Xizang Highway (QXHW) cover almost all types of vegetation cover and permafrost found on the plateau.

The research group CNRS UMR 6042 (GEOLAB Laboratory, Clermont-Ferrand) continues its periglacial investigations within various research projects. The last field season of a four-year programme led by Denis Mercier and supported by the French Polar Institute took place in Northwest Spitsbergen. It is aimed at paraglacial dynamics including relationships between geomorphic processes and vegetation colonization.

The 2nd European Conference on Permafrost (EUCOP II) organized by the AWI and the ESF PACE 21 project will be held June 12–16, 2005, in Potsdam, Germany. The scientific steering committee is chaired by Charles Harris, and the local organizing committee by Hans-W. Hubberten. Permafrost scientists from Europe and other countries are invited to attend the conference and present results in the wide field of permafrost research and engineering (www.awi-potsdam.de/EUCOP).

A permafrost monitoring and mapping programme was started in collaboration between the University of Oslo (B. Etzelmüller, O. Humlum), the JFS Geological Services, Iceland (Á. Guümundsson) and the University of Iceland (H. Björnsson).

Two new working groups started in 2002 within the Italian Association of Geomorphology (AIGEO): one lead by Mauro Guglielmin (Insubria University) about permafrost distribution and slope stability in the Italian mountains, and one about relict periglacial and permafrost features in Italy (mainly in the Apennines and Ligurian Alps).

In Russia, an ongoing research project on rock glacier flow and thermal regime in central Kamchatka (Y. Sawada, T. Sone, K. Yamagata and K. Fukui) provided ground temperature data and a three-year database on small rock glaciers movement on the basis of a triangulation survey. A research group from Hokkaido University continues monitoring ground surface and active layer energy and water balance near Yakutsk (G. Iwahana et al.).

The Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory (KAPL) continues its study of cryogenic processes and slope evolution in the Northern Tien Shan Mountains, and continues monitoring temperatures of permafrost and seasonally frozen rocks.