In 2002 the Spanish IPA Group in collaboration with University of Valladolid published the book ‘Mountain and High-Altitude Periglaciation’ in Spanish, containing papers presented at the Group’s last workshop in Potes, 27-29 June, 2001, (see Spanish report in Frozen Ground 25).

The next workshop is scheduled for 25-27 June, 2003 in San Ildefonso-La Granja, a small, historical town, associated with the Spanish royalty and located 90 km from Madrid, in the mountains with Peñalara at 2429 m asl. as the highest peak. Javier Pedraza (, from University of Complutense Madrid is organizing the workshop, which will focus on the relationship between periglacial features and other processes. The workshop is open to the international community, see Spanish IPA-Group webpage.

In the Pyrenees University of Barcelona coordinated the RISKNAT project on periglacial processes and their effect on rock fall hazards in the central Pyrenees (Val de Nuria and Andorra). Researchers from the Universities of Zaragoza and Huesca are experimenting with geoelectric soundings for permafrost prospecting in Sierra Telera, and also operates temperature monitoring for studies on temporal soil freezing in Sierra de Guara. Researchers from University of Valladolid, together with teams from other Spanish and Swiss universities, are studying permafrost distribution in the central Pyrenees (Postes) and continue to monitor the fl ow of several rock glaciers (Argualas Peak Area).

In the Cantabrica Range researchers from the University of Leon are analyzing the relationship between inactive rock glaciers in the mountains of Catoute and Gistredo and rock fracture networks, using present ground temperatures to extrapolate the effective climatic conditions during the formation of these rock glaciers. University of Valladolid recently launched an initiative to investigate how glacial and periglacial landforms in the Picos de Europea were effected by the Little Ice Age cooling.

In the Northwest Region projects of the University of Santiago focus on the northeast region of Spain and have produced interesting results on the location of glacial, periglacial and nival landforms at very low altitudes and even in coastal areas.

In the Central mountain range ground temperature conditions and ground mobility are compared to snow cover duration in a study conducted by University of Complutense, Madrid. In southern Spain, at the Sierra Nevada Mountains teams from the Universities of Barcelona, Complutense and Alcala de Henares continue monitoring temperature changes and movement of the southernmost rock glacier in Europe at Veleta Peak. Monitoring of ground temperature in the 114-m deep PACE borehole continues, after reparation of the data logger.

Outside Spain members of the Spanish IPA Group are involved in international projects such as the Antarctic effort of the University of Alcala de Henares on Livingston Island (South Shetland), where data on ground temperatures in areas of discontinuous permafrost (max. 2.4-m deep) at 25-m altitude and continuous permafrost (max. 1.1-m deep) at 275 m altitude are recorded and related to local periglacial processes. University of Complutense is working on a comparative study of permafrost distribution in the active Popocatepetl and inactive Ixtacihualt volcanoes in Mexico, where ground temperature monitoring down to 1.8 m at altitudes between 4000-4950 m is carried out. Finally, teams from the Institute Xeologico de Laxe are using cosmogenic dating on periglacial landform in several massifs in Galicia (Spain) and Andringitra (Madagascar).

Serrano, E. and García de Celis, A. (eds.) 2002. Periglaciarismo en montaña y Altas latitudes. Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain, 296 pp.

Web: Spanish IPA Group: RISKNAT project:

David Palacios (