Funding for the interdisciplinary research project The Arctic Landscape: Interactions and Feedbacks Among Physical, Geographical and Biological Processes has been extended by the Danish Science Research Councils, and the project is continuing through 1999.
A snow fence manipulation experiment run by Bjarne Holm Jacobsen, Bo Elberling and Hanne H. Christiansen started this summer in High Arctic northeast Greenland at Zackenberg. This experiment will study the interaction between physical and chemical properties, particularly the carbon cycle, in the active layer when the snow cover is prolonged.
This is done to study the effect of changes in the amount and distribution of snow over the landscape, to simulate the effect of former and future climatic changes.
Until now the combined use of recurrent CALM (Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring) measurements during summer, contemporary registration of the extent of the snow cover in the CALM grids, and meteorological data from the GeoBasis monitoring program of ZERO (Zackenberg Ecological Research Operation) has allowed an estimation of the effects of increased winter wind speeds on the summer snow cover extension.
The long-term ecosystem monitoring programs of ZERO in northeast Greenland are being continued by the Danish Polar Center in cooperation with the Department of Arctic Environment, National Environmental Research Institute in Denmark, and the Institute of Geography, University of Copenhagen. Morten Rasch is the scientific leader of ZERO.
During the last three years research has been carried out on glacial and periglacial phenomena and collection of mountain climate data in the Faeroe Islands (62°N, 7°W) in the North Atlantic Ocean. These islands are close to the present-day southern limit for the Arctic zone. The present potential lower limit for discontinuous permafrost (–2°C) is 250–450 m above the highest mountain summits (880 m a.s.l.). This investigation was carried out by Ole Humlum and Hanne H. Christiansen, and was funded by the Danish Natural Science Research Council.
On Disko Island Ole Humlum is conducting a project on rock glacier temperature and dynamics, funded by the Commission for Scientific Research in Greenland.
Bo Elberling is continuing his research project on chemical processes and transport mechanisms in the active layer of mining waste deposits in Arctic Canada (Nanisivik Mine) funded by the Environmental Department, Ministry of Environment and Energy (Denmark).
Hanne H. Christiansen (firstname.lastname@example.org)