Joint Siberian permafrost studies between Japan and
Russia were conducted in summer 1994. Thirty-one
researchers from various institutes in Japan joined this
program. There were five groups in different research

1. Permafrost
Objective: Permafrost response to global change of climate
Members: Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo; Permafrost Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Yakutsk; Department of Cryolithology and Glaciology, Moscow State University
Research sites: Big Lhyavossky Island, Oyagosky Yar, Duvani Yar
Participants: Japan 4, Russia 8

2. Biology
Objective: Diversity of fauna and flora in Siberia region
Members: Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo; Institute of Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk
Research sites: Oymiyakon region, upper Aldan River
Participants: Japan 4, Russia 8
3. Atmospheric science
Objective: Monitoring greenhouse gases over Siberia
Members: Institute of Environment, Tsukuba, Japan; Central Agency of Aero-Observatory, Moscow; Permafrost Institute, Yakutsk
Research sites: central, northeast and west Siberia; traverse monitoring by aircraft; ground-truth monitoring in central Yakutia and west Siberia
Participants: Japan 12, Russia 20
4. Forestry
Objective: Function of taiga and tundra as reservoir of carbon
Members: Forest Research Institute, Sapporo; Institute of Biology, Yakutsk; Institute of Forestry, Krasnoyarsk
Research sites: Central Yakutsk, Tiksi
Participants: Japan 8, Russia 14
5. Water budget and heat study (WCRP/BEWEX)
Objective: Global budgets of water and heat from ground surface
Members: Institute of Atmospheric and Water Resources, Nagoya Institute of Geography; Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Research sites: Upper, middle and lower regions of Lena River
Participants: Japan 3, Russia 2
The joint symposium on this study is planned for 22-23 March 1995 at Yakutsk. About 30 papers will be presented. The conveners of that meeting are Masami Fukuda, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo, and R.M. Kamensky, Director, Permafrost Institute, Yakutsk. Additional information is available from M. Fukuda, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Sapporo, Japan (Fax: 81 11 706 7142; E-mail: Three volumes of reports on this joint program have already been published. A few copies are available; please contact the above address.
Japan and Argentina are planning joint field studies at James Ross Island, Antarctica, this austral summer. Two Japanese researchers will join the program, cooperating with the Instituto Antarctico Argentino, Buenos Aires.

Submitted by M. Fukuda