As reported in Frozen Ground number 11, a joint Japanese-Russian permafrost program was agreed to in 1990. The following diagram shows the organization of the program. The joint permafrost studies began in summer 1992 with more than 23 scientists from two Japanese groups (Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and Japan Environmental Agency) participating.

On 27 January 1993, many of the scientists who participated in the previous year's work assembled at the Institute of Low Temperature Science and presented results of their initial studies. A total of 25 short papers related to trace gases, permafrost soils, geology, fauna and flora were published in March 1993 in Proceedings of the First Symposium on Joint Siberian Permafrost Studies Between Japan and Russia in 1992 (M. Fukuda, Ed.).

Report based on preface of proceedings volume