The third meeting of IPA–Spain was held in Andorra la Vella 17–19 July 1997. The 20 papers focused on the common theme of the dynamics and evolution of natural systems in cold climates and covered a range of geographical areas: the Iberian Peninsula (Pyrenees, Picos de Europa, the Galician and Portuguese massifs, Sierra de Gredos, Sierra Nevada), the Antarctic (South Shetland Islands), and Sweden (Tarfala Valley) (see Publications, page 41).
Three special talks helped unify the topics and provide a global perspective. Gérard Soutadé spoke about the importance of past and present cold-climate processes in the morphology of Andorra. André Baudière discussed the phytogeomorphological substitution taking place in the supraforest landscapes of the mountains in Catalonia. José L. Peña Monné summarized the status and prospects of current studies in Spain on cold-climate processes.

The papers represented a wide diversity and interrelationship among topics, but may be grouped according to:

  • Subjects relating to climate and its influence on cold-climate processes (J.M. Raso et al., M. Ramos et al.)
  • The effects of climate on geomorphological events (E. Martínez de Pisón et al., M. Fronchoso Sánchez et al.)
  • Geomorphological topics, including the present dynamics of certain morphologies such as the functionality of rock glaciers (E. Serrano Cañadas et al.), or debris flows and the processes associated with their relationship to resulting periglacial forms (David Palacios Estremera et al.). Other topics under this heading include processes and periglacial forms at high elevations (E. Serrano Cañadas et al.) and periglacial landforms caused by past or recent slope collapse (J. Chueca Cía et al.).
  • Systematic monitoring of specific cold-climate processes at designated research stations (A. Gómez Ortiz et al., J. Garcia Ruiz et al., A. Pérez Alberti, David Palacios Estremera et al.).

Antonio Gómez Ortiz (