In The Netherlands most work on permafrost is focused on establishing relationships between permafrost development and climatic conditions and on the impact of permafrost on river dynamics. Work in present-day permafrost regions is relatively limited: Greenland (Utrecht University, University of Amsterdam), Russia (TUNDRA project in Pechora basin: VU Amsterdam, Utrecht U.), Russia (Taimyr, Nature Management Affairs), Svalbard (Groningen University).
Much attention has been paid in the last five years to the reconstruction of past permafrost in western and central Europe during several episodes of the last glacial period and the related climatic conditions (VU Amsterdam). Several Ph.D. theses and many scientific papers appeared on the subject of palaeo-periglacial river dynamics.

Jef Vandenberghe (